ADHDAttention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is a neuro-developmental disorder, which involves difficulty suppressing certain thoughts and/or behaviors.  Some believe the brain is internally “under-stimulated.”  This makes an individual with this disorder seek stimulation from outside of themselves and leads to distractibility, hyperactive behavior, and impulsive behavior.  Additionally, there are deficits in working memory, sustaining attention, and executive functions.  Common signs and symptoms associated with ADHD include:

  • Disorganization
  • Frequently misplacing or losing possessions
  • Procrastination
  • Difficulties with time management
  • Seemingly endless energy
  • Excessive climbing or running
  • Problems with thinking before acting
  • Excessive talking
  • Frequent daydreaming

Additionally, there may be problems with controlling one’s emotions, getting along with others, self-esteem, and academic or work difficulties.  As individuals with ADHD get older, symptoms of hyperactivity tend to decrease, but attention problems persist.

Fortunately, effective treatments and accommodations have been developed.  The first step in the process at New York Psychotherapy and Neuropsychology Group is a comprehensive evaluation to assess an individual’s unique strengths and weaknesses, ascertain an accurate diagnosis and “rule out” or “rule in” other conditions.  Information is gathered about early development, social history, educational history, and present difficulties through an interview with you.  Comprehensive testing is then conducted to find an individual’s unique cognitive profile and assist in treatment planning.  Once completed, we will discuss the results with you and various options.

Frequently Asked Questions

Are there gender differences with ADHD?
Yes, boys are much more likely to be diagnosed with ADHD than girls.  Prominent symptoms may vary as well.  For instance, girls may show more problems with attention than hyperactivity.  Unfortunately, individuals who show only attention problems and not hyperactivity often go undiagnosed and untreated.
How is ADHD diagnosed?
ADHD is a neurodevelopmental disorder and evidence of symptoms must have been present in early childhood.  A professional with knowledge and experience in diagnosing ADHD will conduct an interview and review school and medical records.  While behavioral rating scales are useful, diagnosis should not be made on the basis of these alone.  Objective testing conducted by a psychologist or a physician (usually a neurologist or developmental pediatrician) will document underlying cognitive difficulties associated with ADHD (for example, difficulties with sustaining attention).
Is there a cure for ADHD and how is it treated?
There is no cure for ADHD, but there are effective treatments for ADHD.  These include certain medications (usually stimulants) and/or behavioral treatments.  Also, certain accommodations may be made to the individual’s environment at home, school, or work, which may be helpful.  School accommodations may include extended time on tests and separate location for testing among other strategies.

 

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